List of cameras and lenses

Chaika 3


Chaika (Russian: Чайка) was a series of Soviet 35mm half-frame cameras produced by BELOMO from 1965 to 1974. The name came from call sign of the first woman in space - Valentina Tereshkova. Over 2 million Chaika cameras were produced. All models of the Chaika cameras have metal cases.

Chaika cameras share the following basic specifications:
Film used — 35-mm in standard cassette (135 type)
Frame size — 18×24 mm
Lens — Industar-69 (Tessar-type) ... mounted by LTM-like thread of 39 mm diameter
Focal length 28 mm
Diaphragm scale from 2.8 to 16
Focusing: 0.8 m to infinite
Leaf shutter ... behind the lens
Adjustable shutter speeds 1/30 - 1/250 sec and "B"
Flash synchronisation

Contax F


This is a ground breaking camera. This was the first modern 35 mm SLR camera (in the S version). SLR cameras have been around for a very long time and there were many SLR cameras that used glass plates rather than film. There were also earlier 35 mm SLR cameras – the Kine Exakta is generally accepted as being the first – but these earlier designs did not lead on to the ubiquitous 35 mm SLR of the 1950s and beyond.

Contax RTS II


Contax RTS II is an SLR 35mm film camera, manufactured by Yashica/Kyocera and introduced in 1982.

In 1982, Contax revised the formula of the original Contax RTS, and created the RTS II.

In 1990 the RTS II was replaced by the Contax RTS III.

While RTS II retained the appearance of its predecessor, many regard this as a totally different camera. Many important changes were made. Some of this camera's key features and improvements over the RTS include:

Quartz Timing
97% viewfinder (as opposed to the 92% viewfinder of the RTS)
Horizontal titanium-foil shutter curtain

Edixa Reflex Mod. B


The Edixa Reflex cameras, introduced in 1954 were West Germany's most popular own series of SLR's with focal plane shutter. The original name of the first Edixa SLR was Komet. The Wirgin company had to change the name after complaints of two other companies with equally named products. Since 1955 the cameras got additional slow shutter speeds, and since 1956 cameras with aperture release shifter for the M42 lenses were available. Until 1959 four lines of Edixa SLRs were introduced:

  • Type A, with shutter speeds up to 1/1000 sec.
  • Type B, with aperture release mechanics
        • Type C, with meter


          • Type D, with exposure times up to 9 sec.


    Exa 1b


    The Exa 1b is a 35mm film SLR camera, manufactured by VEB Pentacon, former East Germany, and produced between 1977-85.

    VEB Pentacon licensed the production of screw-mount Exas (some late Ib version 4.4 and all Ic version 4.5 [1]) to Certo Camera Werk, Dresden-Großzsachwitz, a part of VEB Pentacon. Cameras built by Certo have serial numbers preceded with a letter C. The later models of Exa 1b have black plastic top- and bottom plates.

    Exa 1b body is virtually identical to Exa Ia except rewind knob replaced with a crank and the lens mount is M42, instead of the traditional Exakta bayonet mount. The camera also has internal aperture coupling for M42 automatic lenses.

    Exa 1b uses most standard Exakta viewfinders, waist-level and prism. Standard lens is Meyer Domiplan, other main lenses are Tessar, Makinon and Super Takumar.

    Exa 1b is not a real part of the Exakta/Exa system, although its family relationship with Exa cannot be denied. Exa 1b renamed as Exa 1c without practically any other changes.

    There are 4 versions of the Exa 1b

    Fed 4


    The FED 4 is a 35mm film rangefinder camera made by FED and produced between 1964-80 with quantity 633.096 units.

    Its main improvement over the FED-3 is its added uncoupled selenium meter, with a window in front of the speed dial. The meter has a scale on the user's left of the top-plate, with a match-needle linked to a calculator dial. The placement of the meter calculator leaves the rewind as a thumb-wheel on the end of the camera.

    Foto-Quelle sold the FED-4 in Germany as the Revue 4 (F194). Special editions were produced for the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, and the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution in 1967.

    There are 6 types and 10 sub-types of the camera, as to Alexander Komarov 

    Kiev 19


    The Kiev-19 is a 35mm SLR produced by the Arsenal Factory, one of the oldest and most famous industrial factories in the former Soviet Union as well as modern day Ukraine. After developing their own lens system and producing several SLR models like the Kiev-10 Automat, Arsenal decided to drop it in favor of the Nikon F-mount when they produced the Kiev-17, the direct predecessor of the 19.

    As far as manual SLRs go, the Kiev-19 is pretty typical both in design and function. The front of the camera is dominated by the Soviet-made lens (although you could use any F-mount lens). A depth of field preview switch is located at nine o’clock on the mount while the lens release button is located at four. Just above the lens release button is a small shutter speed knob with speeds ranging from 1/2-500 seconds and Bulb. Directly above the shutter speed selector on the top plate is the film rewind knob surrounded by a film speed indicator which can be manually adjusted by depressing the adjacent tiny silver button. On the side of the pentaprism is a flash sync socket and a hot shoe on the very top. On the other side of the viewfinder is a threaded shutter button, a frame counter, and the film advance lever. On the bottom is a film rewind release button, a standard tripod socket, and the battery compartment for the 19’s cadmium sulfide light meter.

    Kiev 2A


    All these models are derivatives of the pre-WW2 Contax rangefinder bodies, and were made after the WW2 by Arsenal factory in Kiev, former USSR.

    • Produced between 1955-58
    • There are 2 types
    • As a Kiev-2 with flash sync added
    • Name on the front plate engraved Cyrillic and Latin
    • Lens: Jupiter-8 50mm f/2

    Kiev 10 Avtamat


    The Kiev-10 (Cyrillic: Киев-10 Автомат or автомат) was manufactured in the Arsenal factory- possibly from 1965 to 1974, and is perhaps one of the strangest and most innovative cameras to come from the Soviet Union. It is a large, heavy 35mm SLR with a light meter, the first Soviet automatic exposure system, the focusing screen having microcrystals for focusing (which did not appear on Zenits until the '80s), and a line of excellent lenses in its own bayonet mount shared with the Kiev 11 and Kiev 15 TEE.

    The camera has a very prominent selenium meter window above the lens, on the front of the prism housing. There is no battery needed for operation. TTL metering had to wait for the Kiev 15.

    Konica Autoreflex T


    The Konica Autoreflex T, introduced 1968, was the first camera with fully automatic exposure control and metering through-the-lens (TTL). Both features for themselves were available before; the fully automatic exposure control with built-in light meter with the Konica internal linkAuto-Reflex, the light metering through the lens with Topcon's RE Super / Super D and the Spotmatic series from Pentax. But the combination of both was new. Fully automatic exposure control still was a very advanced feature at this time – some other manufacturers did not provide this feature until a decade later, until the end of the 70s a fully automatic exposure control was nothing that could be taken for granted.



    The Leningrad (Ленинград) is a 35mm rangefinder camera manufactured by GOMZ, (ГОМЗ, Государственный оптико-механический завод, Ленинград = Gosularstvennyi Optiko-Mekhanicheskii Zavod =State Optical-Mechanical Factory), Leningrad, USSR. It was conceived by I. Shapiro and produced between 1956-68. It has a spring motor advance, and takes 39mm screw lenses.

    The clockwork winding mechanism, a spring-powered mechanical motor, does not allow continuous shooting; for every frame you must release the shutter. It takes about 20 pictures after one full actuation of the spring, it is possible 3 frames per second (if you can do it). There is absolutely no way to advance film and to cock the shutter other than via the spring motor. There are engravings on the right side of the top plate as 0-5-10-15-20, with a pointer beneath the motor drive knob shows the count of frames that will be taken when the spring drive is cocking.

    Minolta HiMatic 7s


    The Hi-Matic 7s and Hi-Matic 9 followed the H-Matic 7 in 1966, and were improved versions of the 7. Briefly, the cameras were rangefinder focusing, with automatic exposure, plus manual control guided by a viewfinder meter pointer that registered against an EV scale.

    The 7s came with the Contrast Light Compensator (CLC) metering system, but how it works in Hi-Matic cameras is unclear. The 7s also added a hot shoe and Safe Load System (SLS) indicator to show that film was loaded and being transported properly. Additional differences between the 7 and 7s included rangefinder windows changing from a contrasting 'pink and green' tint to 'yellow and blue'; the carrying strap lugs moving up to the side and given a more rounded shape; and the end of the lens barrel being black rather than the brushed aluminium of the 7. The 7s also came in a black version.

    Minolta SR-7


    The Minolta SR-7 is a 35 mm single-lens reflex camera (SLR) made by Minolta, produced from 1962 to 1966.[1] It is notable for being the first SLR camera with a built in CdS light meter.

    It is a full mechanical camera - batteries are needed only to power the exposure meter. It is powered by a single PX625 battery (now discontinued, Wein Cell 625 batteries are an alternative)



    Mir is a 35mm film rangefinder camera, manufactured by Krasnogorsky Mekhanichesky Zavod (KMZ) , (=Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk), in Moscow, former USSR. Мир = Mir, means Peace. All Mir produced between 1959-61.

    The Mir is slightly simplified version of the well known former Soviet Union Leica inspired camera, the Zorki 4, lacking the slow shutter speed mechanism (it also lacks the fastest speed of 1/1000 second). Whereas the Zorki 4 was released for export from behind the iron curtain, the Mir was intended for internal consumption only.

    It should be noted that about 160000 Mir's were made during a short time, but the Zorki-4 had over 1.7 million made during its rather longer production time. It was offered with the Industar-22 50mm f/3.5, the Industar-26 50mm f/2.8, or the Jupiter-8 50mm f/2.[1] The Jupiter-3 50mm f/1.5 may have been an option, most likely with the Zorki-3 and Zorki 4 as an export option.

    Because the viewfinder has a true +/- 1:1 ma



    The Moskva-5 (MOCKBA-5 in cyrillic) is a medium format rangefinder folding camera made by KMZ and produced between 1956-60.

    Its main difference from Moskva-4 is added selftimer.

    Earlier models of the Moskva were copies of the Zeiss Ikon Super Ikonta C. Unlike earlier models, this model is a Zeiss Super Ikonta adapted form, rather than a clone and unlike the Super Ikonta, its solid top plate has a built-in rangefinder and a dual-format viewfinder. Moskva-5 is the latest model in a series of cameras Moskva brand. Main difference from Moskva-4 is added self timer. The Moskva-5 was undoubtedly designed as an expensive professional camera, and not as an amateur model. It was built in an age (1956–1960) when 35mm photography was already suppressing 120-film, and only professionals still insisted on using the larger format. Its dual-format characteristics, rangefinder and excellent lens and finish indicate professional use also. Apparently these cameras were used until very late (the 1980's?) by Moscow street photographers.

    Pentax Spotmatic SP-1000


    The Spotmatic cameras were introduced by Asahi Optical Company in 1964 and marketed through 1976. The camera was one of the first commercially available 35mm SLRs to include through-the-lens metering. The camera name is derived from the use of spot metering on the original design of the camera. The metering system was changed to average metering prior to its release but the change happened too late to change the marketing materials, so the original name continued to be used. A series of different models were made with minor changes and improvements. All Spotmatics use the M42 lens mount. In the United States, Spotmatic cameras were imported and marketed by Honeywell and bear the name "Honeywell Spotmatic". Cameras manufactured for sale outside the US were badged "Asahi Spotmatic".

    Ricoh RZ750


    The RZ-750 is an autofocus compact camera for 35mm film, introduced by Ricoh in 1989. It is also known as the Shotmaster Zoom or TF-900 Zoom. The RZ-750 was Ricoh's top of the line compact camera of the day with exceptional creative capabilities. It incorporates special modes that are very unique for a compact camera. These are 'Continuous shooting mode', 'Interval shooting mode', ' Multiple exposure mode' etc. The camera is also compatible with a remote control device through its electrical socket. An optional dedicated 1.5X front tele-converter was also available, and it extends the maximum focal length of the lens to 114mm.

    Rollei 35TE


    The Rollei 35 is a series of 35mm viewfinder cameras, designed for Rollei by Heinz Waaske. The Rollei 35 held the title of smallest full-frame 35mm camera in the world for some time.

    In spite of a premium price, it was one of the best selling 35mm cameras until overtaken by autofocus designs.

    An upgrade of the Rollei 35 T now showing exposure information inside the viewfinder.
    This information consists of 3 LED's, 2 red ones for over- and under exposure warnings and a green one for correct exposure.


    Only differences with Rollei 35 T shown.

    • Production period : 1979 to 1980
    • Production numbers : Singapore 120.000 units
    • Lighmeter system : Coupled CdS photo element,
      Film sensivity : 25 to 1600 ASA,
      Battery : PX27, Mercury, 5.6V
    • Color Finish : Black or Chrome or Aluminium.
    • Weight: 330 grams, with aluminium covers 305 grams

    Vilia Auto


    Vilia is a 35mm film viewfinder camera made by BelOMO and produced between 1973-86 with quantity of about 2.000.000 units. Вилия = Vilia is a river flowing through Belorussia and Lithuania.

    Vilia is an elegant simple camera, looking a little bit like an improved Smena Symbol, but is in fact a completely independend design. The shutter is of leaf type, while the four leaf diaphragm has a nearly square opening – both are located just behind the lens. The lens is focused manually from 0.8 m to infinity, while symbols on the distance scale help to assess correct distance for given subjects (portrait, group portrait, group, landscape). Film is advanced with a lever located on camera's back, coupled with shutter cocking. The camera is equipped with a hot shoe for synchronizing a flash, as well as with a synch cable socket. The excellent viewfinder has bright lines with parallax marks as well weather symbols connected with aperture setting 



    The Zenit C[1] is a compact all-mechanical 35 mm SLR camera made in the Soviet Union. It is the second model in the Zenit camera line, following only three years after the original Zenit 1. It was made by Krasnogorskii Mekhanicheskii Zavod (Krasnogorsk Mechanical Works) near Moscow, between 1955 and 1961

    Substantially, the camera is a member of the extended Leica family, with the early Zenits being based on the rangefinder Zorki, itself based on the original FED, a direct copy of the Leica II. In many ways, the continuity between the Leica and the Zenit, while they are different types of camera made in different countries at different times, is very tangible in several aspects of the Zenit, most notably the physical shape of the body and the bottom-loading film chamber, which requires the exact same precautions and procedure as for a Leica.

    To wit, film is loaded by removing the base of the camera, not opening the back. The film must be prepared: more film must be cut away from the leader to extend the length of the "tongue." Care must be taken not to leave a hard corner when doing this. The mechanical intricacies of the advance mechanism can result in film with an untrimmed leader being chewed up by the camera, which can result in chips of film going into the shutter and possibly ruining it. No other method works reliably or quickly--especially no method that involves placing any foreign object down behind the film gate or locking open the shutter and using one's fingers to guide the film.



    Zenit 3 is a 35mm film SLR camera manufactured by Krasnogorsky Mekhanichesky Zavod (KMZ), Mechanical Factory of Krasnogorsk, in Moscow, former USSR and produced between 1960-62, quantitiy 81776. Zenit (Зенит = Зенит), means Zenith, a point in the sky that appears directly above the observer. On front of the camera Zenit logo is engraved as cyrillic italics.

    Zenit 3 is the third model of Zenit brand and is successor to the first model Zenit (1953-56) and the second model Zenit S[1],(1955-61) and main differences between them are added selftimer and shutter cocking lever instead of a knob.

    Early models of the Zenit cameras were based on the Zorki rangefinder camera (a copy of the Leica II). In transforming the Zorki into an SLR, the simplest approach was taken: the rangefinder housing was removed from the top and replaced by a ground-glass screen and prism; a mirror was added below, with a rope-and-pulley setting system and the M39 thread mount was pushed forward to make room for the mirror inside.

    Zorki 1


    Zorki cameras have their roots in the FED line of Leica copies. In 1948, when the FED factory was falling behind its production goals, the KMZ factory in Krasnogorsk, Russia was geared up to produce FED cameras. By 1949, KMZ had made some design changes and started manufacturing the FED-Zorki, which later became known as the Zorki 1.

    The Zorki 1 was the first Zorki-branded body produced at the KMZ factory. Some later models have "Zorki" engraved in Cyrillic and in Latin; these are for export and are often referred to as "Zorki-Zorki" bodies on assorted Soviet-camera mailing lists.

    The Zorki bodies were manufactured from 1950 to 1956, with 5 different body types.

    Zorki 3


    The Zorki-3 was introduced in 1951. At that time the most common rangefinder cameras in the Soviet Union were Zorki and FED, both close copies of Leica II (D). Zorki-3's design was a real breakthrough. It was slightly larger than Zorki, but it had many new features that Zorki/FED lacked - a bright, large, combined RF/VF, a removable back, a diopter adjustment of the viewfinder, a set of slow speeds and a high quality fast lens - Jupiter-8. The body and the back were cast and rigid. The 39 mm Leica thread mount was preserved, so Zorki-3, as any Zorki rangefinder, is fully compatible with the LTM lenses.

    The slow speed mechanism was obviously "borrowed" from Leitz (Leica IIIc), the actual delay mechanism was located at the bottom of the camera and coupled with the shutter controls with a long rod. The shutter had two dials - on the top of the camera for the fast speeds, and second - on the front for the slow speeds. The Soviet version of this design did not work well and needed service more often than the original Zorki. So Zorki-3 acquired a reputation of a somewhat unreliable camera. It looks normal to me - the first model of a new design can surely have some design flaws.


    Wide angle

    Minolta MC W.Rokkor-SG 28/3.5

    Minolta SR (MD, MC)

    The Minolta MC W.Rokkor-SG 28/3.5 is a wide-angle prime lens for Minolta SR SLR cameras.

    Pentacon 29/2.8


    The Pentacon auto 29 mm  f/ 2.8  is a wide-angle prime lens for 35-мм SLR cameras with the M42 Screw mount.

    It came in auto and electric modifications. The latter had multi-coating  (Picture 4)

    It is sharp on stopping down and has some soft effect when wide open. It is not well resistant to back light and has  a pronounced distortion. Background blurring is not notable. It is good for macrography and perspective enhancement.



    The Jupiter-12 35 mm f/ 2.8 (Russian: "Юпитер") is a wide-angle lens with an iris aperture and a single-layer coating for rangefinder Zorkiy type cameras with the m39 Leica screw-mount (LSM). It was also produced in a bayonet variant for Kiev rangefinder cameras, the Contax I-III system (CRM).

    Its optic scheme was borrowed from the Carl Zeiss Biogon 2.8/35. Initially, it was named BK-35 (Biogon of Krasnogorsk). Besides the  Krasnogorsk mechanical works (KMZ), the Jupiter-12 was produced at the Lyktarinsk Optic Glass Factory (LZOS).

    The Jupiter-12 BK came into production at the KMZ in 1947. It was based on optic units delivered from Eastern Germany as war reparations. The lenses were designated with the old brand mark – the Dove prism without ray course - and were produced for three years. Since 1949 the second version of the lens came to be produced in visually more massive body, but without  the designation "BK". The logotype was also changed: the ray course was added to the prism (however, there were products contradicting the official version - for example, the lens numbered 5000003 with the following inscription: BK, 1:2.8, F =3.5 cm, P (red-colored), ZORKIY.  And that's all).

    Since 1952 the Jupiter-12 was supplied with lenses produced in Krasnogorsk. Since 1956 it was produced with the FED and Zorkiy barrel. The retail price of such lenses was 28 rubles in 1985. For the lens the factory produced appropriate viewfinders fixed in slots for a rangefinder camera  accessories.


    Contax / Kiev

    Same as the Jupiter above except for a different mount

    Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Flektogon MC 35/2.4


    The Flektogon 35mm 2.4 is a highly regarded lens from Carl Zeiss Jena in the former German Democratic Rebpulic. It is the predecessor to the Distagon design still used for many modern lenses. 

    The Flektogon was an early wide angle lens of its type with a short focal length yet a long back focus distance (although the cine retrofocus design of Angénieux preceded it). It was introduced in 1950 by VEB Carl Zeiss Jena, the East German Zeiss optics plant. The first variant was the Flektogon 2.8/35 for 35mm SLRs. Later other 35mm variants were made: 4/25, the remarkable fast 2.4/35, the first super-wide angle lens 4/20 (1961) and the outstanding Flektogon 2,8/20 (1976). From 1978 lenses were also made for the bayonet connection of Praktica B-series with the name "Prakticar". Medium format variants were made for the Pentacon Six: 2.8/65 and 4/50. Other lens makers like Carl Zeiss Oberkochen (West Germany) made similar lenses like the Distagon. It's a rare case of an eastern product copied in the West. Production of the manual-focusing Flektogon ended in 1991 whilst the Distagons are still in the market. A new variant by Carl Zeiss is the autofocus Flektogon 1:3,5/35mm for the Rolleiflex 6008 AF.

    Carl Zeiss Jena Flektogon 50/4

    Pentacon 6 / Kiev 60

    The Carl Zeiss Jena Flektogon 4/50 is a wide-angle lens with the P6 (П6) lens mount   for the Kiev-6/60 and the Pentacon Six cameras.

    This is a good wide-angle lens for the К-6 system. There is no distortion. The image is flexible and sharp.

    The Carl Zeiss Jena Flektogon 50 mm f/ 4 has the following drawbacks: side light is not handled well, huge screw mount diameter for filters, weight and dimensions.

    It can be easily mounted on modern SRL and mirrorless cameras by means of adapters.


    Konica Hexanon AR 57/1.4 

    Konica AR

    The Konica Hexanon AR 57mm f/1.4   is a standard prime lens  for 35 mm SRL cameras of the Konica AR bayonet mount.

    Jupiter-3 50/1.5



    The Jupiter-3 50 mm f/ 1.5 (Russian: "Юпитер") is a standard fast lens with a single-layer coating, produced at S. A. Zverev KMZ till 1956, at the Zagorsk Optic Mechanic Factory in 1956-1977 and at the  Jupiter Valday Factory since 1977.

    Real focal length of the lens:  52.54 mm
    The export version was named the Jupiter-3. It was a replica of the German Carl Zeiss Sonnar 1.5/50.

    Initially, it was produced using the trophy Zeiss lens units, delivered from Germany as war reparations (including technological specifications, the Schott company equipment, various structural materials, and optic glass), and was named the Sonnar of Krasnogorsk (SK) lens. Afterwards it was renamed in the Jupiter-3.

    In 1954 after the supply of the German optic glass had exhausted, the Jupiter-3 lens  was recalculated for domestic glass by M. D. Maltsev. The lens barrel and the focussing ring were also slightly altered. In 1955 the revised Jupiter-3  50 mm f/ 1.5 was put into serial production.

    The lens was produced with the m39 screw mount for rangefinder cameras Zorkiy and FED, and with the Contax G bayonet mount for rangefinder cameras Contax and Kiev.

    It was equipped  with an iris  circular 13-blade aperture. The aperture control is manual, continuously adjustable, not discrete, therefore, any intermediate values are possible (you can set the aperture in between the numbers). This peculiarity is valued in video filming as well as for creating visual effects.

    The Jupiter- 3 50 mm  f/ 1.5 renders very beautiful, flexible image with good contrast and "characteristic" bokeh. The amazing combination of softness and sharpness, as well as beautiful bokeh, made it very popular among portrait photographers. The "german" versions of this lens are especially popular and distinguished for its bokeh

    Carl Zeiss Planar T* 50/1.7

    C/Y (contax/yashica)

    Carl Zeiss Planar T* 50 mm f/ 1.7 C/Y - fast standard lens with a special multi-coating and fixed focal length for 35mm Contax/Yashica SLR cameras.

    Carl Zeiss Planar T* 50mm f/1.7 C/Y differs from its "brother" Carl Zeiss Planar T* 50 mm f/ 1.4 with longer minimal focusing distance.

    Lens has high micro-contrast and rigid construction.

    Carl Zeiss Planar T* 50mm f/1.7 C/Y has a nice Zeiss Bokeh particularly circle of confusion known as "cat's eye".

    Nikon Nikkor-H.C 50/2

    Nikon F

    The Nikon Nikkor-H.C 50 mm f / 2 non-Ai is a normal fast prime lens for 35 mm SLR Nikon F cameras.

    This is a rather rare normal 50 mm lens in Russia. It has serial numbers 2140201 - 2329000 and was produced since December, 1972 to October, 1974.

    It does not feature anything special which is worth mentioning, though the Nikkor-H.C 50 mm f / 2 non-Ai is a lens of  good quality, producing a good, rather sharp picture from f/ 2 onwards.

    Subject to an affordable price, the lens may be considered a good buy.

    Yashica DSB 50/1.9

    C/Y (contax/yashica)

    The Yashica DSB 50 mm  f/ 1.9  is a fast normal prime lens with a single-layer coating for 35 mm SLR cameras of the  Contax / Yashica system

    Industar-50-2 50/3.5


    The Industar-50-2 50 mm f/ 3.5 (Russian: "Индустар") is a standard lens with an iris aperture for Zenit (Зенит) cameras.

    There was a version for Zorkiy (Зоркий) rangefinder cameras.
    It was based on the Tessar optical scheme

    • Resolution (0 mm/10 mm/20 mm):   43/27/25 lines/mm
    • Resolution according to the technical specifications (centre/edge):  38/22 lines/mm
    • Coefficient of transparency:  0.80
    • Colour contribution index (CCI): 7-0-0

    Industar-50 50/3.5



    The Industar-50-2 50 mm f/ 3.5 (Russian: "Индустар") is a standard lens with an iris aperture for Zenit (Зенит) cameras.

    There was a version for Zorkiy (Зоркий) rangefinder cameras.

    It was based on the Tessar optical scheme

    • Resolution (0 mm/10 mm/20 mm):   43/27/25 lines/mm
    • Resolution according to the technical specifications (centre/edge):  38/22 lines/mm
    • Coefficient of transparency:  0.80
    • Colour contribution index (CCI): 7-0-0


    Helios-81 50/2

    Unnamed Kiev-10/15 Mount

    The Helios-81 50 mm f/ 2 (Russian: "Гелиос") is a Kit lens for a 35mm SLR camera Kiev  (Nikon F mount) and with М42 screw mount. Versions with the single and multicoating (MC) existed.

    This lens was being manufactured by an "Arsenal" factory in different modifications: Helios-81-avtomat, Helios-81M, Helios-81N (russian letter looks like "H"). Later version was named ARSAT-H 50 mm f/2.

    Also there was released sample quantity of Helios-81 52 mm f/2 at KMZ factory with a 12-blade diaphragm and minimum focusing distance 0.4 m.

    Personally, i have seen Helios-81H in two modifications. It is interesting that a focal length differs in a short range if you inspect lens labeling for several samples.

    This lens has a "swirly bokeh" (background looks like being twisted) but such effect is lighter than with Helios-40 or Helios-44.

    Carl Zeiss Jena Pancolar 50/1.8


    The Carl Zeiss Jena Pancolar  50 mm f/ 1.8is a standard lens for SRL cameras with the m42 screw mount. The striped "zebra" was produced with a single-layer coating (not МС).

    The build is very reliable: it is made of glass and metal, therefore it has a  rather decent and convenient weight for a 50 mm camera; focusing ring movement (after lubrication) is  very soft, smooth, quiet, rather easy, but not loose; focusing is very pleasant, no irritation caused by jamming and stiff movement.

    The Carl Zeiss Jena Pancolar 50 mm f/ 1.8 is equipped with an instant-return aperture, and a rather stiff metal A-M tumbler at the side. The 1.8-22 aperture  has a half f-number scale, the ring movement is sufficiently stiff, without chattering, with distinct clicks - an accident aperture switching over during wearing or focusing does not happen.

    The lens is well made without backlashes, chattering, and loose parts; the ring moves smoothly and softly. It is nice to hold in hand. The striped design looks vivid and interesting, whereas the majority of  "fifties" look like  featureless black barrels.

    Carl Zeiss Jena DDR Tessar 50/2.8


    The Tessar is a camera lens designed by Paul Rudolph, working for the Carl Zeiss Jena company, in 1902. It is normally used as a standard lens, and versions of it have been fitted to many millions of cameras.

    The design consists of four elements in three groups; the front element is positive, bi-convex (with the rear almost flat), the central a negative bi-concave and, following an aperture, at the rear is a cemented doublet of plano-concave and a bi-convex elements. Though often referred to as a "modified Cooke triplet", the Tessar is actually a development of Rudolph's 1899 Unar (4 element in 4 groups) lens, itself a development of Rudolph's 1890 Zeiss Anastigmat (4 elements in 2 groups) lens.

    Super-Multi-Coated Macro-Takumar 50/4


    The Super-Multi-Coated Macro-Takumar 50 mm f/ 4 is a macro lens with a brand-namemulticoating  for  35 mm SLR cameras with the M42 screw mount.

     Industar-61 52/2.8


    The Industar-61 52mm f/2.8is a normal prime lens for 35 mm rangefinder cameras with the M39 screw mount.

    Helios-103 53/1.8

    Contax / Kiev

    The Helios-103 53 mm f/ 1.8 (Russian: "Гелиос") is a fast standard lens with a fixed focal length for 35mm rangefinder cameras of a Contax system.

    Helios-44 58/2


    Helios 44 2/58 (Silver) is a fast standard lens for 35mm SLR cameras.

    Helios 44M 58/2


    The Helios 44M is six lens anastigmat with a single coating or multicoating (MC). It's prototype was Biotar 2/58 (Carl Zeiss Jena).

    By optical design it is Planar. It was one of the most spreaded lens in USSR and it was a kit lens for Zenit cameras. There were several modifications of Helios-44. Different mounts: Start-bayonet, M39, М42 and К-bayonet (Pentax).

    In 70s manual diaphragm operation changed to the instant-return diaphragm thus added letter "M" to lens name. Letter "K" instead of "M" means K-mount (Pentax). In earlier versions there were 13 or 8 diaphragm blades but in latest versions only 6 blades were placed.

    Helios-44M is sufficiently sharp. Maximum of sharpness can be achieved at aperture F5.6-8. Lens has a nice bokeh but sometimes it turns "swirly bokeh". I haven't seen CA while using this lens.

    Helios-44M 58 mm f/2 is a multi-purpose lens. You can do all range of work: from portrait work to close-ups with using of extending rings. All versions of this lens are very similar but they differs in resolution. Important role is played by quality of assembling of a specific copy.


    Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 105/2.8


    The Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 105mm f/2.8 is a moderate telephoto multicoated prime lens for 35 mm SLR cameras with the M42 screw mount.

    Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 135/2.5



    The Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 135 mm f/2.5 is a fast telephoto prime multi-coated lens with an angle of view of 18°. This telephoto lens is suitable for shooting portraits and distant objects.

    The Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 135 mm f/2.5 (Asahi P.No. 43802 ) is remarkable for its excellent build quality and reliable design (metal and glass). All in all the lens is very pleasant to use. However, its considerable weight and dimensions, especially with the hood, should be taken into consideration. It is quite good as a portrait lens at open apertures and is very sharp from f/4 onwards. The lens is equipped with an instant-return aperture and  a MAN-AUTO aperture mode switch.

    Jupiter-11 135/4


    The Jupiter-11 135 mm f/ 4 (Russian: "Юпитер") is a medium prime  tele lens with a single-layer coating for film SLR cameras with the m39 screw mount.

    The export variant of the lens was named the Jupiter-11,135/4

    Real focal length: 133 mm

    The lens is a Soviet replica of the German Carl Zeiss Jena Sonnar T 135 mm f/ 4

    The version with the changeable Jupiter-11A mount was also produced.

    The Jupiter-11,135 mm  f/ 4 is characterized with a very compact size,  with a nice Sonnar blur of confusion zones (mainly due to the 11-blade iris aperture), rather good resolution and contrast.

    Jupiter-6 180/2.8


    The Jupiter-6 180 mm f/ 2.8 (Russian: "Юпитер") - fast telephoto prime lens for a 35mm SLR  with M39 screw mount.

    Developed on the basis of optical design Carl Zeiss Olympia Sonnar 180/2.8 lens.

    Carl Zeiss Jena MC Sonnar 180/2.8

    Pentacon 6 / Kiev 60

    Carl Zeiss Jena MC Sonnar 180 mm f/ 2.8 - fast multicoated telephoto lens for medium format cameras with a Pentacon Six mount.

    Produced in East Germany. Replaced an earlier version Carl Zeiss Jena Sonnar 180mm  f/2.8 lens with a design of Zebra and a single layer coating.

    Very good bokeh!

    Carl Zeiss Jena MC Sonnar 180 mm f / 2.8 - a very good choice for a portrait lens

    Jupiter-21M 200/4


    The Jupiter-21M 200 mm f/ 4 (Russian: "Юпитер") is meant for cameras with the M42x1 screw mount and  45.5 mm of flange focal length, equipped with an instant-return iris aperture with shutdown mechanism.

    It has a built-in retractable hood.

    It was produced by the  Krasnogorsk mechanical works (KMZ) and the Vologda Optic Mechanical Works (VOMZ).

    The Jupiter-21М-2 variant was also produced.

    The Jupiter-21А is remarkable for its changeable "А-adapter" which enables to use the lens on cameras with the M42x1/45.5 and M39x1/45.2 screw mounts.

    Jupiter-36B 250/3.5


    The Jupiter-36 250 mm f/ 3.5 (Russian: "Юпитер") - telephoto lens for a medium format cameras with Pentacon Six (Jupiter-36B) or Kiev-88 (Jupiter-36V) mounts.